Menu boczne

Treść strony

Ann Acad Med Stetin, 2004; 50, Suppl. 1, 19-22

JOANNA CHŁAPOWSKA, JUSTYNA OPYDO-SZYMACZEK

DIETARY AND HYGIENIC ASPECTS OF FLUORIDE EXPOSURE
IN PREGNANT WOMEN

Katedra i Klinika Stomatologii Dziecięcej Akademii Medycznej im. K. Marcinkowskiego w Poznaniu
ul. Rokietnicka 5D, 60-806 Poznań
Kierownik: prof. dr hab. n. med. Maria Borysewicz-Lewicka

Summary
The study was undertaken to assess the exposure of pregnant women to fluoride on the basis of diet preferences and hygienic habits revealed with a questionnaire. The group included 59 women aged 22–39, living in a large urban agglomeration. Questions concerned sources of fluoride such as diet (tap water, tea, fish, poultry), use of fluoride-containing preparations for oral hygiene and substances containing fluoride for additional prophylaxis. The oral health status was clinically examined and caries intensity was assessed with the mean DMF-t index. According to the clinical examination, the mean DMF-t index was 13.64 and ranged from 1 to 23. Consumption of tap water averaged 0.73 L (max. 2.5 L), including 0.55 L (max. 2.5 L) of tea. Poultry was a regular part of the diet in only 14 of the respondents (24%) and only 3 (5%) sporadically (once a week) ate ocean fish. All the respondents used toothpaste containing fluoride, but only 15.3% applied professional prophylaxis with fluoride preparations. As far as the diet is concerned, individual differences in the intake of fluorides were significant. Interestingly, despite the declared everyday use of fluorine-containing toothpaste, the caries intensity index was rather high, suggesting the need for special dental care in this group of patients.

K e y w o r d s: pregnant women – diet – fluoride prophylaxis – status of oral health.

Powrót
do góry