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Ann Acad Med Stetin, 2006; 52, 1, 137-144

RYSZARD CZEPKO, WOJCIECH PIETRASZKO

INTRACEREBRAL HAEMATOMA IN HYDROCEPHALIC SHUNTED PATIENTS NOT RELATED TO VENTRICULAR CANNULA. REPORT OF THREE CASES AND REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE

Klinika Neurochirurgii Instytutu Neurologii Collegium Medicum UJ

ul. Botaniczna 3, 31-503 Kraków

Kierownik: dr hab. n. med. Ryszard Czepko

Summary

Intracerebral haematoma (ICH) distantly from the site of insertion of a ventriculoperitoneal shunt or external drain is an extremely rare complication. In contrast to ICH caused by disruption of small cerebral vessels by the catheter, the cause of haematoma distantly from the shunt is unclear. We report three cases of ICH occurring distantly from the tubing path. We also discuss possible mechanisms and provide a literature review of this complication.

K e y w o r d s: hydrocephalus complications – cerebrospinal fluid shunt – intracerebral haemorrhage.

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