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Ann Acad Med Stetin, 2006; 52, 2, 123-127

ŁUKASZ HENSZEL, WANDA KUŹNA-GRYGIEL

 

HOUSE DUST MITES IN THE ETIOLOGY OF ALLERGIC DISEASES

Katedra i Zakład Biologii i Parazytologii Medycznej Pomorskiej Akademii Medycznej

al. Powstańców Wlkp. 72, 70-111 Szczecin

Kierownik: prof. dr hab. n. med. Wanda Kuźna-Grygiel

 

Summary

One of the more important etiological factors of allergies are mites occuring in the closest vicinity of humans, i.e. in the house dust and in the stored foodstuffs. The most important are the species representing the families: Pyroglyphidae (mainly Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus, D. farinae, and Euroglyphus maynei), Glycyphagidae (e.g. Lepidoglyphus destructor, Blomia sp.), and Acaridae (e.g. Tyrophagus putrescentiae, Acarus siro). Mites shed an abundance of allergenic proteins. Particularly abundant in allergens are the extracts of mite faeces as well as the extracts of their purified bodies or culture substrate. In humans the may inflict atopic allergies (respiratory and dermal), such as bronchial asthma, rhinitis, or atopic eczema. It has been estimated that some 5% of the human population is sensitive to dust mites allergens.

K e y w o r d s: Acari – house dust mites – PyroglyphidaeAcaridaeGlycyphagidae – allergic diseases.
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