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Ann Acad Med Stetin, 2006; 52, Suppl 1, 25-29

KATARZYNA GROCHOLEWICZ, IWONA NOCEŃ*, IZABELA GUTOWSKA**

 

THE INFLUENCE OF HYGIENE AND HEALTH HABITS ON THE CONCENTRATION OF SOME IONS IN SALIVA OF POSTMENOPAUSAL WOMEN

Zakład Stomatologii Ogólnej Pomorskiej Akademii Medycznej

al. Powstańców Wlkp. 72, 70-111 Szczecin

Kierownik: prof. dr hab. n. med. Elżbieta Weyna

* Zakład Chemii Medycznej, Katedra Biochemii i Chemii Medycznej Pomorskiej Akademii Medycznej

al. Powstańców Wlkp. 72, 70-111 Szczecin

Kierownik: dr hab. n. med. Joanna Bober

** Zakład Biochemii, Katedra Biochemii i Chemii Medycznej Pomorskiej Akademii Medycznej

al. Powstańców Wlkp. 72, 70-111 Szczecin

Kierownik: prof. dr hab. n. med. Dariusz Chlubek

 

Summary

Purpose: The study was designed to evaluate the influence of tooth-brushing, milk consumption, hormone therapy, allergy, and cigarette smoking on the content of fluoride, calcium, magnesium and phosphorus in saliva.

Material and methods: Unstimulated saliva samples were collected from 100 women aged 48–70 years. Biochemical analysis was done to measure ion content. A questionnaire was used to determine hygiene and health habits. Correlation analysis was done to determine the relationships between parameters.

Conclusions: A significant correlation was observed between ion content in saliva and frequency of tooth-brushing, smoking, and use of oral contraceptives. More frequent tooth-brushing was associated with reduced salivary content of calcium and phosphorus. Significantly higher salivary calcium levels were observed in smokers than non-smokers. Oral contraceptives produced significantly higher concentrations of fluoride ions in saliva. No correlation was noted between ion content in saliva and milk consumption, hormone replacement therapy (HRT), or allergy.

K e y w o r d s: saliva – fluoride, calcium, magnesium and phosphorus ions – oral hygiene – milk consumption – hormone preparations – cigarette smoking.
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