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Ann Acad Med Stetin, 2006; 52, Suppl 1, 73-77

ANNA MACHOY-MOKRZYŃSKA, ZYGMUNT MACHOY*

 

CURRENT TRENDS IN FLUORINE RESEARCH

Katedra Farmakologii Pomorskiej Akademii Medycznej

al. Powstańców Wlkp. 72, 70-111 Szczecin

Kierownik: prof. dr hab. n. med. Marek Droździk

* Katedra Biochemii i Chemii Medycznej Pomorskiej Akademii Medycznej

al. Powstańców Wlkp. 72, 70-111 Szczecin

Kierownik: prof. dr hab. n. med. Dariusz Chlubek

 

Summary

Purpose: Current topics in fluorine research are presented with emphasis on findings by researchers in Szczecin and Poland, as well as in the world. Reports are cited on the distribution of fluorine compounds in the environment, routes of penetration into living organisms, and analytical methods for the quantitative determinations of fluorine content in air, water, soil, and foods.

Important contributions have been made by Polish researchers on the role and patterns of fluorides in body fluids, soft and hard tissues, which remain in direct relationship to accumulation and elimination of fluorine. So far, comprehensive studies on mutagenic effects of fluorine and its potential role in bone neoplasms, Down syndrome, and other genetic disorders have not been carried out in Poland. Worthy of mention are reports on mechanisms of action of fluorine compounds on the cellular and subcellular level.

Conclusions: Finally, two achievements of recent years in the field of fluorine research are discussed briefly. The first is concerned with the use in dentistry of chemical analysis for studying mineral reconstruction of teeth throughout the lifetime of an individual. The second is in the field of medicine where molecular modeling has been applied to explain the mechanism of action of aluminofluoride complexes (AlFx) as a messenger of false information during protein biosynthesis and their apparent role in the etiology of Alzheimer’s disease.

K e y w o r d s: fluoride – dentistry – molecular modeling.
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