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Ann Acad Med Stetin, 2005; 51, Suppl 1, 75-78

EMILIA KOLARZYK, MAŁGORZATA JAGLARZ, JAGODA JAWORSKA-SZYC

INTERPERSONAL RELATIONS IN THE CONSCIOUSNESS OF PUPILS AND STUDENTS

Zakład Higieny i Ekologii Collegium Medicum UJ
ul. Kopernika 7, 31-034 Kraków
Kierownik: dr hab. n. med. Emilia Kolarzyk

Summary
The quality, satisfaction and being pleased of life depend on proper relations in the family, in the group of persons at the same age and at school or at the University. The aim of this study was the estimation of interpersonal relations in the chosen group of Cracovian secondary school pupils and medical students thanks the examinations conducted by auditory system with the use of an inquiry “Woman Self Image and Social Ideal”. There were 713 persons belonging to 2 groups included in the examination: Group I: 313 pupils, including 128 boys and 185 girls attending to the second and third classes of two Cracovian secondary schools: Group II : 400 students of Medical Department and Health Protection Department of Collegium Medicum, Jagiellonian University in Cracow – 106 male students and 294 female students. In the actual analysis the answers given to 64 questions of the “Interpersonal problems Inventory” questionnaire were estimated. Every question contained 5 possibilities: no, a little bit, more or less, much, very much. The hierarchy of these problems was estimated with the use of the method of step wise regression on the basis of the frequency of opposite answers to the particular questions.
The most often the young persons stated (74%–63%) that it is never difficult for them to make a present to somebody else, to feel happy about one’s happiness and to show positive emotions to others. About half of the examined persons (60%–47%) thought that they were never aggressive to others, that they never put their needs on the first position and they were not afraid of contacts with other people. In the questions connected with one’s own personality determining the frequency of answers given to particular dystractors was not strongly marked e.g.:
– It is difficult for me to be alone: no (39%I/35%II), a little bit (18%I/16%II), moderately (13%I/11%II), much (13%I/18%II), very much (17%I/20%II);
– I am too credulous: no (46%I/37%II), a little bit (26%I/26%II), moderately (12%I/18% II), much (9%I, 12%II), very much (7%I, 7%II).
The frequency of opposite answers with negative meaning as a rule did not exceed 5%.

K e y w o r d s: Interpersonal relations – false identity – personal dependence – pupils – students. 

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