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Ann Acad Med Stetin, 2005; 51, Suppl 1, 79-82

EMILIA KOLARZYK, JACEK KWIATKOWSKI, JAGODA JAWORSKA-SZYC

THE IMAGE OF ONESELF - IN THE OPINION OF CRACOVIAN PUPILS AND STUDENTS

Zakład Higieny i Ekologii Collegium Medicum UJ
ul. Kopernika 7, 31-034 Kraków
Kierownik: dr hab. n. med. Emilia Kolarzyk

Summary
A proper and of many directions development of young person’s personality requires the acceptance of oneself with the skill of individual identity building and being autonomic person. With the end with safety time in childhood young man has to make a confrontation of formed by over-protective parents image of oneself with perception of him/herself by persons at the same age or by adults. This confrontation may often appear to be disadvantageous. It may lead to the development of acquired emotional deficiency syndrome. Young person loses self confidence, cannot lose, does not undertake any risk or actions requiring obstinacy and endurance.
The examination embraced 857 persons (457 pupils of second and third classes of Cracovian secondary schools and 400 students of Collegium Medicum, Jagiellonian University, Cracow. On the basis of selected questions from “Eating Disorders Inventory” questionnaire being a part of “Woman Self Image and Social Ideal” inquiry it was stated that:
1. About 1/3 of examined persons wanted to avoid their parents being disappointed but the safety of childhood time was desired (always or usually) by 10% of pupils and 8% of students – more often women than men. Half of the examined persons both pupils and students rarely or never show such desires.
2. 13% of examined persons think that the requires of adult life are far too big – more often in the group of men that in the group of women.
3. Approximately 8% of examined persons want to be somebody else. 56% of examined women and 83% of examined men want to be who they are.
4. High level of expectations towards oneself show more or less 26% of pupils and students, a little bit less give contrary answer.
The examinations did not show important differences in the aspect of analyzed problems between students and schoolchildren.

K e y w o r d s: ”Eating Disorders Inventory” questionnaire – ”Woman Self Image and Social Ideal” questionnaire – schoolchildren – students. 

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